What is actopic dermatitis and how is it treated?
Actopic dermatitis is a common, chronic, relapsing type of eczema.
The cause of this skin disorder is unknown, but more than 70 percent of all patients have either a personal or family history of atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinitis. In fact, atopic refers to a hereditary predisposition to developing some form of allergy. Atopic dermatitis affects 3 to 5 percent of the US population, usually beginning in infants aged two to six months. If you are struggling with actopic dermatitis, contact Ginsburg Dermatology in Birmingham to discuss your options.
Early, mild skin changes, including redness and swelling, often are accompanied by itching. The skin then becomes increasingly dry, sensitive, itchy, and easily irritated because its barrier function is impaired.
Microscopic cracks that let water out, and irritants and allergen in, lead to further drying and cracking. This, in turn, causes more itching. Rubbing and scratching to relieve the itch are actually responsible for many of the clinical changes that are seen.
The rash develops in a characteristic distribution on the body, depending on the age of the patient. In infancy, the red, oozing crusting rash (frequently called infantile eczema) is of the acute type. It appears primarily on the face and scalp, but it can occur on other areas, especially the extensor surfaces of the arms and legs. The rash is extremely itchy and the infant is often restless and attempts to scratch with his hands or with pillows, sheets, or anything he or she can reach. Contact Ginsburg Dermatology in Birmingham, Alabama more information about Actopic Dermatitis and treatment.